The strategic location of the village of Štanjel on Turn Hill (364 m) was attractive for settlers early in history. In the Iron Age, a hillfort, featuring a burial ground, was built as part of the settlement network of the Karst. It supervised not only the main roads but also the local ones.
Archaeological research shows that Štanjel played an important role as far back as in pre-historic times as well as in the early and late Roman period. The abundance of traces of material culture bears witness that Štanjel has been inhabited since prehistory.
The narrow, stone medieval alleys that wind among the buildings built on terraces recount ancient stories of this unique Karst settlement. The many art galleries speak volumes about the inspiring character of this place that in the last century also won the heart of the Trieste-born Slovenian painter Lojze Spacal.
Today’s old village was built in the Middle Ages and underwent a significant redesign at the beginning of the 20th century, when the architect Maks Fabiani held the office of mayor. The unique Ferrari Garden, now the best-known part of Fabiani’s legacy in Štanjel, bears witness to his exceptional creativity and innovation.
Štanjel is a place of countless unique stories that enrich the experience of this one-of-a-kind medieval settlement. Get to know the architect Maks Fabiani and his works better, discover why flower wreaths hang on the front door of every house in the old village and much more.